Saturday, 13 April 2019

Type of Family

Type of Family 


            The joint family system is an inseparable part of the Indian social system. The caste system, village system and the joint family system can be regarded as the basic pillars of the Indian social system. Joint family or extended family is the most common and uniform family pattern found in India. It exists since the Vedic times. It assumed importance throughout the vedic period, post vedic period, in the period of Dharmashastras puranas, epics and even during he medieval period. Even today the Hindu sentiments are in favor of the joint family The joint family still continues "to" be the characteristic feature of agricultural society.

               1. Dr. Iravathi Karve:- The joint family is a group of people who usually live under one, who ate a cooked meal on a stove, which normally holds property, which participates in normal family worship and which is a second There are some special types of relationships.

             2. C.B. Mamoria:-  Joint family is a collection of more than one primary family, the basis being close blood ties, common residence,and patrilinieat descent.

              3. I.P. Desia :- We call that family a joint family in which there is a deep generation compared to an individual family, and whose members belong to each other through property, income and mutual rights and obligations.

         4. Henry Maine:-  The Hindu joint family is a group consisting of known ancestors and adopted sons and relatives related to these sons through marriage.

 Types of joint family

(I) Matrilineal Joint Family:- 
            It gives more importance to women. It is theoretically led and dominated by the eldest woman. Matrilineal joint families, though rare in India have existed among the Nairs of Malabar (Kerala) and the khasis and Garos living on the Gares hills of aasam.

(II) Patriarchal Joint Family :- 
           The patriarchal joint family is father centered. The eldest male member of the family looks after the family affairs. The patriarchal joint families are found among the Nambudaries of Malabar. the Mundas of Chotanagpur, and the Angami Nargar of Assam. The Nambudari joint family is generally called llonm.

Characteristics of a joint family:- 

1. Depth of Generations:- 
       The joint family consists of people of at least three or more generations. It is a confluence of grandparents, parents and children. Sometimes uncles, aunties, cousins, etc and adopted children also live in under the same roof.

2. Common roof or residence:- 
        Members of the joint family normally live in the same house. The common residence is actually the centre of all life activities religious, economic, recreational, social etc. 

3. Common kitchen:- 
        Members cat the food prepared jointly in the common kitchen Normally, the eldest female member of the joint family, the wife of harta' supervises the work in the kitchen. 

4. Common religion:- 
     Members believe in the same religion and worship similar duties. They perform jointly the religious rites and duties.

5.Common Worship:- 
Hindu joint family gets its strength from religion. Therefore, it is associated with various religious rituals and practices. Every family may have its own deity or kula devata and its own religious tradition. Family members take part in common worship, rites and ceremonies. They share. joys and sorrows together.

6. Joint property:-           
Ownership, production and consumption of wealth is on a joint basis.. The head of the family that is karta ', manages the family property like a trustee. The total earnings of the members are pooled into a family treasury and the family expenses are met with  out of those earnings. 

7. Exercise of authority or the karts's Authority:- 
        In the patriarchal joint family usually the eldest male member known as karta exercises authority. The authority is determined on the principle of seniority. The super ordination of the eldest member and the subordinations of all the other members to him is a key note of the joint family. His commands are normally obeyed by others.

8. Large Size:-  
        Joint family is large in It is a group in which several basic families live together at one and the same time. 

9. Cooperative organization:-
          The basis of joint family system is cooperation. The member of joint family cooperates with one another to maintain its organization and structure. 

10.A productive unit:-  
           All members work together to meet a common end E.g. agricultural families.

11. Mutual rights and obligations:-  
        Members keep their identity with their family. Many members of the family have their own duty and obligation. Nobody has special privileges except the head of the family. Family interests prevail over individual interests. 

12. Arranged Marriages:- 
          The head considers it, his privilege to arrange marriages of younger members, family tradition, kula maryada (family prestige) matching of horoscope, caste, rules etc are considered.

13. Higher rate of procreation:- 
          Griharthashram lays stress on production of children.Male children are wanted to fulfill ancestral obligations.

 14. Self sufficiency:- 
      There were times when joint families used to be self sufficient.It used to meet the economic, recreational, medical, educational and other needs of the members.Now it is not to be seen in any type of family.

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