Sunday, 14 April 2019

Merits and Demerits of joint family

Merits of joint family :- 

1. More stable and durable than nuclear family.

2. It ensures economic progress of its members.

3. lt ensures economy of expenditure.

4. Secures the advantage of division of labour.

5. Serves as a social insurance company.

6. Provides social security.

7. Provides lesiure

8. Provides recreation

9. Helps social Control 

10.Promotes co-operative virtues.

Demerits of joint family :- 

1. Retards the Development of personality. 

2. Damage individual initiative and enterprise. 

3. Narrows down loyalties. 

4. Promotes idleness. 

5. Not favorable for savings and investment. 

6. The centre for quarrels. 

7. Denies privacy 

8. Affects adversely socialization of children 

9. Undermines the status of women.

10. Encourages litigation. 

11. Favors uncontrolled reproduction. 

12. Limits social mobility 

13. Encourages partiality and discrimination.
Merits and  Demerits of joint family

Change in the joint family:-
I) structural changes:- 

    l. Small size and less depth of generation. 

    2. Ownership of property The Hindu inheritance and succession     Act 1956 provides women right to family property. 

    3. Change in Exercise of Authority. 

    4. Respectable status of women. 

    5. Change in relations among mother-in-law daughter-in-law &     father-in-law. 

    6. Selection of males and conjugal relationship. 

    7. Weakening family norms. 

    8. Joint family taking the form of dependent Nuclear family 

II) Functional changes in the joint family:-

    1. Regulation of  procreation. 

    2. Provision of common residence. 

    3. Change in Religious functions. 

    4. Task of upbringing of children & socialization is still with the           family. 

    5. Lost of economic function. 


     1. Still provide protection & security to its members.

     2. Transferred its recreational activities to the external command agencies.

Causes for changes:

    l.Influence of education.

    2. Impact of industrialization 

    3. Influence of Urbanization 

    4. Change in Marriage System 

    5. Legislative Mcasures 

    1.Influence of Western Values
         2. Awareness among Women.

    3. Government Jobs.

    4. Unmanageable size of family

Nuclear, Blended & Extended Family :-
     On the basis of structure, the family has been classified into  nuclear and extended family:- 

Nuclear Family :- 
     A nuclear family is one which consists of the wife or wives and their children. The children leave the parental households as soon as . A nuclear family is an autonomous unit free from the control of elders husband, they are married Since the newlyweds create a separate residence the physical distance between parents and married child or parent and grant parent minimizes the interdependence between them.
The American family is of a nuclear type. 


 1. Gerog P. Murdock:- Nuclear family is one which consists of the husband, wife and their unmarried children. 

2. Duncan Mitchell:- The Nuclear family is a small group made up of husband and wife and immature children who constitute a separate unit from the rest of the community.

Forms of nuclear family 

By T.B. Bottomore - Two types of nuclear family are:

 l. Independent nuclear family

 2. Dependent nuclear family.

 l. Independent Nuclear family :- 
                            This is a nuclear family system which is relatively independent. It is dominant in modem industrial societies. It has emerged mainly due to the growth of individualism and intense geographic and social mobility. The social welfare work of the modern state has also influenced it. The state now comes to help the person unfortunately: Therefore, he does not depend on his family in times of crisis.. The modem nuclear family is mostly found in the advanced societies of the west. Its solidarity largely depends on seual attractions and companionship between husband and wife and between parents and children. But the family bonds tends to weaken as the children grow up.

2. Dependent Nuclear Family:- 
                The dependent nuclear family is one which is incorporated into or subordinated to a larger group, that is, to the polygamous or the extended family. Among the primitives, and in non- industrial and agriculture dominated societies dependent nuclear families are found in a relatively a larger number. 

They are normally incorporated into some large composite family structures. 
Nuclear families are increasing in number in  India, but they continue to maintain their connection with the original joint family

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